Film director, born in Vienna, Austria. He studied at the College of Technical Sciences and the Academy of Graphic Arts in Vienna, and intended to paint, but turned to the cinema after working with a film company in Berlin. His early films include Dr Mabuse, der Spieler (1922, Dr Mabuse, the Gambler), the first of three Mabuse films (the others in 1932 and 1960), and the futuristic Metropolis (1926), with its nightmare vision of urban living. When Hitler came to power in 1933, Goebbels offered Lang the post of head of the German film industry. Lang refused, and the same night fled to Paris, and later to the USA. Among his many films of this period, Fury (1936) was acclaimed as a masterpiece. Later films include You Only Live Once (1937) and The Big Heat (1953). He largely abandoned film-making after 1956.
See also Goebbels.
(1919) Halbblut (The Halfbreed)
(1921) Der Müde Tod (Destiny)
(1922) Dr Mabuse, der Spieler (Doctor Mabuse, the Gambler)
(1923) Die Niebelungen
(1927) Spione (Spies)
(1932) The Testament of Dr Mabuse
(1937) You Only Live Once
(1940) The Return of Frank James
(1941) Western Union
(1943) Hangmen Also Die
(1944) Ministry of Fear
(1944) The Woman in the Window
(1945) Scarlet Street
(1952) Rancho Notorious
(1953) The Big Heat
(1954) Human Desire
(1960) Die tausend augen des Dr Mabuse (The Thousand Eyes of Dr Mabuse)
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